Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. It serves as a warning sign or an early indication of developing full-blown diabetes. Prediabetes is typically diagnosed when blood sugar levels fall between the normal range and the threshold for diabetes.
The diagnosis of diabetes involves a series of steps and medical tests:
- Symptoms assessment. Your healthcare provider will inquire about your medical history and any symptoms you may be experiencing, such as increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, or blurred vision.
- Blood glucose testing. The primary test for diagnosing diabetes is a blood glucose test.
The development of diabetes can be influenced by various risk factors. Here are some common risk factors associated with the development of diabetes:
- Family history. Having a close family member with diabetes increases the risk.
- Weight. Being overweight or obese significantly raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Lifestyle factors. Sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary choices, and smoking can contribute to the development of diabetes.
- Age. The risk of developing diabetes increases with age, especially after 45 years.
Preventive measures involve adopting a healthy lifestyle and making certain choices to maintain overall health. Here are some preventive measures that may help reduce the risk of diabetes. Maintain a healthy weight by following a balanced diet and engaging in regular physical activity. Losing even a small amount of weight can have significant benefits.
Regular check-ups allow for early detection and management of potential risk factors or conditions that may lead to diabetes. Monitor blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar levels as recommended by healthcare professionals. By implementing these preventive measures and being mindful of the risk factors, individuals can reduce their chances of developing diabetes or delay its onset.